Fargo, North Dakota
Fargo is a city located in the southeastern North Dakota state of the United States. The Red River is located on the west bank of the Red River in the north of the border with Minnesota (which, unless otherwise specified, refers to this "Red River in the north"), about 350km northwest of Minneapolis St. Paul, and about 360km south of Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada. The population is 105,549 (2010 census), the largest of the states and about one-sixth of the total state population. The population of the urban area, consisting of two counties, Kasu County with County Office in Fargo, and Kray County in Minnesota, on the other side of the Red River, Moorhead, Minnesota, is 208,777 (2010 census). The population of the metropolitan area, including the Small Warpeton Metropolitan Area (Richland County, Wilkin County, Minnesota Province), has 231,674 people (2010 census).
City of Fargo
view the downtown of Fargo from the sky-west
|Slogan: Gateway to the West|
Upper right: the position of Kass County in North Dakota
Left: Municipalities of Fargo in Kas County
|Coordinates: North latitude 46 degrees 52 minutes 38 seconds West longitude 96 degrees 47 minutes 22 seconds North latitude 46.87722 degrees North longitude 96.78944 degrees West / 46.87722 degrees North latitude -96.78944|
|City||126.44 km2 (48.82 mi2)|
|land||126.44 km2 (48.82 mi2)|
|water surface||0 km2 (0 mi2)|
|Elevation||276 m (904 ft)|
|population||(as of 2010)|
|population density||834.8 people/km2 (2,162.0 people/mi2)|
|equal time||Central Standard Time (UTC-6)|
|daylight saving time||Central Daylight Time (UTC-5)|
|Official website: http://fargond.gov/|
Fargo was founded on the floodplain of the Red River in 1871. Today, Fargo has become a cultural, commercial, medical and educational center in eastern North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota. In North Dakota, North Dakota State University, a twin jewels with North Dakota University in Grand Forks, has a campus in Fargo. ...
It was in the 1870s and 1880s that this place, originally of the Sioux (Dakota), had a berth of steamboats that ran back the Red River, the current Fargo city. The anchorage was initially called Centralia, but was later renamed Fargo, after the name of William Fargo, a director of the Northern Pacific Railroad and the founder of Wells Fargo and American Express, Fargo. With the opening of the Northern Pacific Railroad, the town of Fargo began to develop and was called the "gateway to the West."
In 1880s, the divorce law was loosened in Fargo, so it was also called 'the city of divorce in the Middle West.'
In 1890, North Dakota University of Agriculture, Land Grant University in North Dakota, was established and its campus was placed in Fargo. The North Dakota University of Agriculture expanded its range of majos to be offered to become a comprehensive university and was renamed North Dakota State University in 1960.
On June 7, 1893, a big fire broke out in the center of Fargo, and more than 160 acres (65ha) of the 31 blocks were burnt down. In addition to the fire station nearest to the fire department that had gone out for the usual water-sprinkling work, the early fire-extinguishing operation was delayed because nobody could find the key of the fire alarm nearest to the fire department, and most of the buildings standing in the city center were made of wood, and the fire spread quickly because of the wind of 30 miles per hour (48km, 13.3m per second) from the time. Immediately after that, however, a new brick building with high fire resistance was built, a new street was built, and water supplies were maintained, and the city was restored.
Around the beginning of the 20th century, the car industry started all over the country. In 1905, Pence Motor Co., Ltd., a car sales company that sells cadillac and Buick, established its base in Fargo. In 1920, the company's showroom, service center and warehouse were built in downtown Fargo. The Classical Revival style building was designated as a National Register of Historic Properties in 1994 as 'The Police Warehouse of Pence Motor Company.'
In 1910, Labor Day and Theodore Roosevelt, who was the 26th president, visited Fargo and set the foundation stone for the new North Dakota University of Agriculture. To the 30,000 people gathered at the cornerstone, Roosevelt made a speech about his first visit to Fargo 27 years ago, and his experience on the farm in North Dakota became the starting point of his rise to the presidency later.
After World War II, the area centered on Fargo and Moorhead developed rapidly. In 1957, the tornado at Fujita Scale F5 caused catastrophic damage to the northern part of the city, but the city of Fargo was still growing very high. With the opening of two interstate highways, I-29 and I-94, the southern and western suburbs of Fargo have rapidly developed. The West Acres Shopping Center, the state's largest shopping mall, was built near a junction where the two interstate highways meet in 1972, contributed greatly to the development of retail in the area.
Since the middle of the 1980s, there were geographical restrictions in the northern part of the city, and a new residential area developed into the southern and southwestern parts of the city. As a result, the retail business in the southwestern part of the city also developed rapidly. On the other hand, in downtown areas as well, the city government and private companies have made more money from the investment. Most of the old areas, such as the Horace Man district, which stretches north of the downtown and along the Red River, were either regenerated or escaped the decline, and strengthened the city center.
The North Dakota State University developed into a research-oriented university and played a major role in both the city's identity and the local economy. Many of the students of the university live in the Roosevelt area, which is adjacent to the campus. The school established its presence in downtown both at school buildings and apartments. In addition, the school's sports team, Bison, became popular among local residents.
Since the late 1990s, the Fargo metropolitan area has always been counted as one of the lowest unemployment areas in the United States. Morgan Quitnot, owned by CQ Press Inc, used 1997 data from the FBI and in its 1999 National Safety City ranking, said Fargo is the 21st most secure city in the United States. Combined with the low crime rate of Fargo and the abundant and inexpensive housing supply, Money magazine consistently ranked Fargo closer to the top in the ranking of "the most livable cities in the United States" from the late 1990s to the early 2000s.
Fargo is located at 46 degrees 52 minutes 38 seconds north latitude and 96 degrees 47 minutes 22 seconds west longitude. From the capital of Bismarck it is approximately 315km east, from Minneapolis St. Paul it is approximately 350km northwest, and from Winnipeg, Manitoba Province it is approximately 360km south.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Fargo City has a total area of 126.44km2 (48.82mi2). The whole area is land. The city stretches on the west bank of the Red River, which is on the border with Minnesota.
On the other side of the Red River, Moorhead, along with Fargo, is a city in the center of the metropolitan area. West Fargo is next to Fargo on the west, Dilworth on the east of Moorhead, and Dilworth on the west, are adjacent to each other, forming an outer edge. The metropolitan area including these cities consists of two counties, Kas County and Clay County, Minnesota County. The metropolitan area, like Fargo Moorhead, extends across four counties, centered on both cities of Brekkenridge, Wapeton Minnesota, which are on the both banks of the Red River, along with the Wapeton metropolitan area, which is located in the south of the Fargo metropolitan area.
Fargo's city stretches over a plain called the Red River Valley. The cause of the plain was erosion by glaciers that advanced southward during the last glacial period. When the glaciers retreated north at the end of the last glacial period, a huge glacier lake called Lake Agassie was formed. The current Red River Valley was the bottom of the lake in Agassie. The sediment on the bottom of Agassie left fertile soil suitable for agriculture in the Red River Valley later.
The biggest challenge facing Fargo is the seasonal flooding that the Red River has done so many times. The Red River, which originates in the coldest regions of the United States mainland in eastern North Dakota and northwestern Minnesota, moves north into Canada and flows into Lake Winnipeg, often forms ice dams and rises in water levels as the ice of the river and the flow of dehydrated water from the thickets and streams flow in the early spring. In addition, Fargo is located in the flat Red River Valley as mentioned above, so once the Red River rises, it can easily be hit by floods. In Fargo, when the water level of the Red River reaches 18 feet (5.5m), it is considered a "small" flood, or a "big" flood when it reaches 30 feet (9.1m). When this "big" flood level is reached, the main downtown streets and the roads leading to Moorhead are closed. After the record heavy snow at the end of 1996, at the time of melting snow in the spring of 1997, the water level of the Red River rose to a record high of 39.5 feet (12.0 meters), just before reaching the city through the Awaya Bank (Great Red River Flood in 1997). The heavy rain in the fall of 2008 and the rapid snow melting in March 2009 raised the water level of the Red River to 40.84 feet (12.4 meters), a record for 1997, but the flood prevention measures, which were taken based on the lesson of the massive flood in 1997, as well as the accumulation of the soil bags by the citizens, did not cause any serious damage to the Fargo. After the flood, the city further strengthened its infrastructure and put resources into it. This was also successful, and in the spring of the following year, 2010, even though the water level of the Red River rose to 37 feet (11.3 meters) due to rapid snow melting, it did not become serious. Immediately after the flood, Fargo planned to return the land on the Red River Coast over 70mi2 (181.3 km2) to a natural flood plain in order to make it a flood-prone land. For this reason, the ordinance banned the construction of new buildings especially in flood-prone areas and purchased 700 houses by 2012, but a lawsuit was filed against the ordinance in May 2012 and the ordinance was withdrawn in November of the same year.
|Rain and Temperature (Description)|
The climate of Fargo, which is located on the Great Plains and is distant from either the mountains or the oceans, is a continental climate, and in the climate classification of Keppen, it belongs to the subtropical wet climate (Dfb). In the mainland of the United States, it is one of the areas with the most severe winter cold, and the U.S. Department of Agriculture has a hardenness zone of 4a.
The warmest July temperatures averaged about 28°C, while the lows dropped to the average 15°C, with the average temperatures dropping to less than 22°C. The coldest January average temperature is 13°C below freezing point, the lowest temperature is 18°C below the average freezing point, and even during the day, it rises to about 8°C below freezing point. The temperature falls below freezing temperature from September to May. The amount of rainfall is mostly from May to July in the spring and summer periods, which is about 70-100mm per month, and conversely, it is less during November to April in the winter period, which is about 15-35mm per month, and it is about 55-65mm per month during August to October in the late summer and fall periods. In winter, from November to March, approximately 17-28cm of snow is seen on a month. Annual rainfall is about 575mm and annual snowfall is about 125cm.
|Mean Temperature (°C)||-12.6||-9.7||-2.3||6.8||13.9||19.0||21.7||20.7||15.1||7.5||-1.8||-9.9||5.8|
City Overview and Architecture
While the Red River, running through the Fargo and Moorhead borders of North Dakota and Minnesota, is meandering, the streets of Fargo are neatly demarcated because of the flat land. The main avenue (National Route 10) is the center of a street that runs east-west, called 'Avenue,' which is divided into the north (N) and the south (S) along the street, and the number increases the further away from the street. On the other hand, there is no east-west distinction between the north and south streets called "streets", and the numbers increase as they leave the Red River. The Broadway, which corresponds to the 6th Street, is a main street in downtown Tokyo, with a number of shops and restaurants, including the Fargo Theater, the most famous spot in the city. Besides the Fargo Theater, there are many historic buildings in downtown, and the whole area between 5th Street and Roberts Street across Broadway, and between 1st Avenue South and 5th Avenue North across Main Avenue is designated as the National Register of Historic Places as the Historic Center of Downtown Fargo.
The tallest building in Fargo is Radisson Hotel Fargo, which is located on 5th Street and the northeast corner of 2nd Avenue North. The hotel is 18 stories high and 63.2m tall, and is next to the North Dakota State Capitol in Bismarck, across North Dakota. Next to the Radisson Hotel Fargo is the 22-story high rise apartment building, Rashkowitz Highrise, near the Red River Bank, at the southeast corner of Main Avenue and 4th Street. This brown modern-style apartment building is the tallest residential building in North Dakota. The block surrounded by 5th Street, Broadway, 2nd Avenue North, and 3rd Avenue North, just west of Radisson Hotel Fargo, had been abandoned after the building was burned down in 1976, but based on the plan for redevelopment published in 2010, the Block 9 (Block 9) was a redevelopment project designed by Skidmore Wings and Merrill in 2015, and it was combined with a multi-story building of 5 low-level hotels and high rise restaurants. The complex was started in 2018 to be completed in the fall of 2020. As mentioned above, Fargo has developed into a land that was the bottom of a lake of glaciers in ancient times, so its foundation is weak and not suitable for constructing high rise buildings; however, the construction of this facility uses a pile foundation, similar to Radisson Hotel Fargo, that supports 280 piles reaching a hard layer of earth with a depth of 33.5m. When completed, the building is 18 stories high, 71.3m tall, and is the tallest in Fargo by drawing out of the Radisson Hotel Fargo (but not 2.5m for the North Dakota State Capitol).
Fargo has a parliamentary system. The city council consists of a mayor and four city councilors. As can be seen in many other cities across the United States, there is no way to divide a city into several electoral districts, and all four mayors and members of the city will be elected by vote from the entire city. The term of the mayor and the city councilors is four years, and the number of elections is limited to three consecutive terms (the number of persons who served both the mayor and the city councilor is four terms). In 2018, Fargo was the first city in the U.S. to introduce a vote in the municipal assembly election.
The city council is held every other week in the city hall. The City Hall was completed in September 2018 and stands on the east side of the downtown, near the Red River Bank, east of the Civic Center, within a block that overpasses the 4th Street. Before 2018, the City Council room was located on the second floor of the Civic Center.
In the administrative affairs of the city, the City Administrator, who plays the role of City Manager in the City Manager system, is the chief executive. The City Administrator takes leadership in each city government, and is responsible for implementing the regulations and measures adopted by the city council, personnel and supervision of 1,850 city officials, and managing the city's budget and equipment.
Fargo has historically been a Republican country. In the 2004 U.S. presidential election, George W. Bush won nearly 60% of the votes in both the city of Fargo and in the fringe areas of Kas County. However, later in Fargo, the political stance was diversified and fiercely fought. Since 2008, no Republican candidate has won more than 50% of the votes in Kas County. In the 2008 U.S. presidential election, Republican John McCain took the entire state, but in Kas County, Democratic President Barack Obama won more than 50%. In the next 2012 U.S. presidential election, Mitt Romney of the Republican Party won 49.9% in Kas County, but Obama also won 47% and was narrowly defeated. In the 2016 U.S. presidential election, the Republican Donald Trump won only 49.3% of the votes, not more than 50%, but the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ) Hillary Clinton suffered a crushing defeat of 38.8% and the other party candidates accounted for 11.9%. In the 2018 House of Representatives election, Heidi High Camp, the Democratic Party's incumbent (then) High Camp, won 57.76%, but Kevin Kramer, the Republican Party, won the election and lost his seats in the entire state.
The fertile soil for Fargo and its surrounding regional economies had historically been dependent on agriculture. However, since the end of the 20th century, dependency on agriculture has greatly decreased, and the country has diversified into food processing, manufacturing, high-tech industries, retail business, higher education, and medical services, and has become a well-balanced industrial structure with high growth. In addition to becoming an employer at the three universities on both sides of the Red River, Microsoft has been successful in attracting high-tech industries because of its high level of education, for example, Hugo Campus, one of the largest campuses outside the Seattle metropolitan area. In the decade between 2004 and 2013, the Fargo metropolitan area had more than double the U.S. average (36%) growing at 75%. In the midst of this, the global financial crisis, triggered by the subprime mortgage crisis, has worsened the economy nationwide and unemployment increased sharply. The Fargo metropolitan area remained low at 4% in 2009, below the U.S. average of the jobless rate (the unemployment rate of Fargo as of September 2019 was 1.9%, which is much lower than the U.S. average of 3.7%). In the Forbes magazine's "Best Small Cities For Business And Carriers" ranking, Fargo was ranked high every year, including ranking first in the United States in 2014. In 2017, the land value of the Fargo metropolitan area rose 74% compared to that in 2012, surpassing the high-growth cities of Sunbelt such as Santa Barbara, California (67%) and Austin, Texas (68%), and the center city of the rapidly growing mountain area, Denver (62%). However, housing prices in the Fargo metropolitan area have remained relatively low.
IATA: FAR) is located about 5.5km northwest of the city center, at the northern end of the city. The airport also includes regular passenger service from Frontier Airlines (Denver) and Arest Air (Las Vegas, Phoenix Mesa) in addition to all three major airlines, Delta Airlines (Minneapolis St. Paul), United Airlines (Chicago O'Hare, Denver) and American Airlines (Chicago O'Hare, Dallas Fort Worth). The airport, which also serves as the Fargo State Military Base, also houses the North Dakota Air Force State National Air Force's 119 Air Corps, which operates the MQ-9 Reaper. In November 2016, FedEx moved its regional hub function, which had been located at Grand Forks International Airport, to Hector International Airport. In the southeast corner of the airport, at the northwest corner of 19th Avenue North and 16th Street, there is the Fargo Air Museum.
Fargo has two interstate highways, I-29 and I-94. I-29 is a highway running north of Kansas City and north of the eastern border of the Great Plains, which runs north-south in the western part of the city. From Fargo to the south, it goes to Soufolz Omaha, and to the north to the border with Grand Forks and Canada, and crossing the border, it goes directly to Manitoba National Route 75 and goes to Winnipeg. I-94 is a highway that runs through the northernmost part of the United States of America and runs through the southern part of the city in Fargo from east to west. From Fargo to Minneapolis Milwaukee Chicago to the east and to Bismarck, Montana and Billings, Montana to the west. National Route 10, the main avenue of the city's east-west main street, is also designated as the Commuter Line of I-94.
BNSF Railway has laid tracks in and around Fargo. The Empire Builder, an Amtrak long-distance train running on its tracks and connecting Chicago and Seattle Portland, makes a daily stop at Fargo station in the north of the downtown area, where West Bus and East Bus Stop.
As a public transportation facility in Fargo, the Fargo Moorhead Metropolitan Area Transportation Bureau operates bus routes under the nickname MATBUS. This bus network has Route 22, mainly covers Fargo and Moorhead cities, and some routes also use Westfargo and Dilworth. The bus terminal of the station, Ground Transportation Center (GTC), located in downtown Tokyo, also serves as the bus terminal of Jefferson Lines, a partnership with Greyhound. Buses arrive at and depart from Grand Forks, Sioux Falls, Bismarck Billings, Brainade Duluth and St. Cloud Minneapolis.
North Dakota State University (NSU) has a 261-acre (1,056,000m2) campus in about two kilometers northwest of downtown. Founded in 1890 as North Dakota University of Agriculture in Rand and later expanded its academic field to become a university, it has about 13,000 students including undergraduate and graduate students. The school has seven faculties and graduate schools, including the Faculty of Agriculture, the Faculty of Liberal Arts, the Faculty of Management, the Faculty of Engineering, the Faculty of Human Science and Education, the Faculty of Nursing and Pharmaceutical Studies, and the Faculty of Science and Mathematics, and it provides a program of 100 major departments, 86 major courses for graduate school and 50 major programs for doctoral courses for doctoral courses. The school is positioned as a twin-jewels flagship school along with the University of North Dakota in Grand Forks under the University of North Dakota system. North Dakota State University is ranked 280th among the national universities in the ranking of US News & World Report universities.
In addition, Fargo has a Catholic (Benedict) private university with its main school in Bismarck, a Fargo campus at Mary University, a Presbyterian private liberal arts college at James Town, and a Doctor of Physiotherapy course at James Town University. On the other side of the Red River, Moore Head has a campus by Minnesota State University, Moore Head, and the University of Concordia at the Lutheran Church-line liberal arts college known for the Concodia Choir. These two universities in Moorhead have signed a unit compatibility agreement called the Try College University (Tri-College University, TCU) with North Dakota State University and community colleges in Fargo Moorhead City.
The K-12 program in Fargo is supported mainly by public schools under the jurisdiction of the Fargo public school district. The school district has 16 elementary schools (kindergarten, first-fifth grade students), three junior high schools (sixth-eighth grade students), three general high schools (ninth-twelfth grade students) and one alternative educational high school, and has about 11,000 children and students. Some areas of the southwestern city, along with Westphago and other neighboring suburban cities, are included in the school districts of the West Fargo public school district. In addition, the Roman Catholic diocese of Fargo has two elementary schools, one junior high school and one high school in Fargo. These four schools, along with Trinity Elementary School in Westphago, were the St. John Paul II Catholic School of St., which was renamed from the former Fargo Catholic Schools Network after the 264th Pope John Paul II. John Paul II Catholic School Network).
In addition to the main building of the downtown area, the Fargo Public Library has 1 branch offices in the northern and southern parts of the city, and has about 165,000 books as well as 10,000 DVDs and so on. The museum was opened in 1900 at a corner of Mason Temple and moved to a special building built in 1903 with donations from Andrew Carnegie. The building was used until it was moved to a new building that was built in 1968 as part of the redevelopment of downtown. The building constructed in 1968 was eventually demolished, and the current main building was completed and opened in 2009. In 2014, the number of yearly loans for the Hall exceeded one million for the first time in history. Nearly half of them were occupied by books and magazines, and about one third of them were digital media and other non-printed materials, while the rest were purchased between libraries and updated old materials.
With three universities located on campus in both cities, Fargo and Moorhead, Fargo has a chance to touch a broad culture for its size.
One of Fargo's most famous attractions, the Fargo Theater, is located along the downtown Broadway between the 3rd Avenue North and the 4th Avenue North. This Art Deco-style theater was built in 1926 as a movie theater and boarding building theater and is designated as a National Register of Historic Places. The Fargo Theater has never closed since its opening in 1926, and has been used to show more than 100 movies a year even in the 21st century, as well as to give performances of various stage works. The theater has a pipe organ made by Ulitzer since its completion, and it has played an active role in providing music during the silent movie era. On the second floor of the theater, there is a wooden statue called "Wood Chip Merge," which was made in the 1996 movie "Fargo" similar to Marge Ganderson, played by Francis McDormand, and is called "Wood Chip Merge."
The major stage arts organizations in Fargo include the Fargo Moorhead Community Theater (FMCT), which was established in 1946 and has the longest history in the area, the Fargo Moorhead Community Theater (FMCT), the local opera company established in 1968, the Fargo Moorhead Opera, the Fargo Moorhead Symphony Orchestra of the local orchestra, and the Fargo Moorhead Ballet of the local professional ballet.
At the southwest corner of 1st Avenue North and 7th Street in downtown, the Plains Museum of Art, the state's largest art museum, is located. The museum was originally opened in 1965 in a corner of the Moorhead post office as the Red River Art Center and was in Moorhead until 1996. The current building was rebuilt in October 1997, the following year, at the site of a warehouse that had been built in downtown Fargo, and the building was reopened. The museum houses and exhibits works of Native American art, traditional African art, modern post-modernism, contemporary art, and local artists. Also, Catherine Kilburn Bergham Creative Center, a annex located in the west of the main building of the museum and connected by Skybridge, holds art classes for the citizens of various ages. Within the premises of the museum, there is a small garden called the Polinator Garden, which is maintained by staff members of the museum, to help make the lives of bees, butterflies and hummingbirds sustainable, as well as to be used as a place of the Buzz Lab Program, an educational internship for teens who have blended art and ecology.
Sports and recreation
For Fargo, who doesn't have the four major North American Professional Sports League teams, the "local sports team" is a bison at North Dakota State University. Bison is competing in the seven men's and seven women's events, and in most of the games, he belongs to the Summit League (Football is the Missouri Valley Football Conference of the FCS (formerly I-AA)), which belongs to NCAA Division I. In particular, the football team won its fifth consecutive division title in 2011-15, 2017-18, since it was promoted to division I FCS in the fall of 2008, and at the end of the 2018 season, it already won its seventh division title, which is already the highest in history. In addition, Bison also achieved good results in competition with FBS schools (Power 5 Conference) such as Golden Gofers of Minnesota University, Cyclone of Iowa State University, and Wildcats of Kansas State University, and so on, and in 2016, Bison ranked 13th in AP ranking (at the time of competition) at Iowa University Hawkes in 2016. The Bison football team is based in the Fargo Dome located at the north end of the campus. The Fargo Dome is used for events such as concerts, as well as home games for bison football.
In Fargo, there is no lower league team such as the minor league, but Fargo Moorhead Red Hawks, an independent league baseball team, is located. The Red Hawks was founded in 1996 and belonged to the Northern League from the beginning to 2010. Since 2011, he has belonged to the North American Association. Two seasons have passed since the company was established, and between 1996 and 1997, Maury Virus was the coach of the Red Hawks. Although the Red Hawks won five times in the Northern League, starting in 1998, the third year of their founding, they have not won the championship yet since they moved to the American Association. The Red Hawks are based in Newman Outdoor Field, located on the campus of North Dakota State University. The Newman Outdoor Field is also the home of Bison's baseball team. The Molly Virus Museum was also located at the stadium, but it closed in 2017.
In baseball, Fargo is also where Roger Maris grew up. At the West Acres Shopping Center, located in the southwest corner of the interchange between 13th Avenue South and I-29 in the southwestern part of the city, there is the Roger Maris Museum, which was established in 1984 to honor Maris's achievements.
The Fargo Park Station manages all of the city's recreation facilities, including pedestrian walkways, swimming pools, golf courses and camping grounds, including parks covering more than 2,100 acres (850 hectares) in total. In addition, bicycle lanes (some lanes are exclusive for bicycles) are maintained, including Fargo and Moorhead cities, as well as the surrounding areas such as West Fargo, Horace, and Dilworth. The public golf course managed by the Fargo Park Station includes five courses: full-scale 18-hole Edgewood and Rose Creek for the upper class, nine-hole Osgood and Prairie Wood for the first and middle class, and El Zagal for beginners to enjoy foot golf. To the north of Anderson Park, northeast corner of 23rd Avenue South and 43rd Street in the southwestern city, Red River Zoo is located. The park, which was built on 34 acres (137,600m2) of land leased at a long lease for 99 years and opened in 1999, features 89 species of animals, including rare and dangerous species such as red panda, mannurcat and Sucho Wantalkin, mainly animals living in cold areas like North Dakota.
The Forum (The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead) is a major daily newspaper in Fargo Moorhead. It was originally a separate newspaper, Fargo Forum and Moorhead Daily News, but it merged into the current Forum. The paper, headquartered in Fargo, serves as a flagship of Forum Communications, which groups newspapers and other media companies in four states of Dakota, Minnesota and Wisconsin. The Fargo Forum won the Pulitzer Prize for Breaking News in 1958.
In addition to the Forum, Fargo has also read the High Plains Reader, an independent weekly. At North Dakota State University, a newspaper called the Spectrum, run by students of the school, is published twice a week on Monday and Thursday.
Forum Communications Inc is affiliated with Fargo's ABC-affiliated TV station, WDAY-TV (Channel 6), and AM Radio station WDAY (970kHz). The NBC-affiliated KVLY-TV (channel 11) and the CBS-affiliated KXJB-LD (channel 30, license 30, license Horace) stations are both under the umbrella of Gray Television, which has its headquarters in Atlanta. KVRR (Channel 15), a Fox affiliate, is the flagship station of local Red River Broadcasting. KFME, headquartered in Fargo, covers the entire North Dakota, northwestern Minnesota, northeastern Montana, and cable channels cover Winnipeg City, Manitoba and Brandon City, Canada's Public Broadcasting flagship station.
The Catholic Archdiocese of Minneapolis St. Paul, which administers the states of Minnesota and Dakota, has one of nine bishops under its jurisdiction in Fargo. The Fargo Diocese was established as the James Town Diocese in 1889 and renamed the Fargo Diocese in 1897. After that, when the Bismarck Diocese was established in 1909, the western half of the state became the jurisdictional district of the Bismarck Diocese. The Fargo has jurisdiction over 30 counties in eastern North Dakota and has about 70,000 followers. St. Mary's Cathedral, the cathedral of the Bishop of Fargo, stands at the north end of the downtown area, at the northwest corner of Broadway and 6th Avenue North. The Neo-Gothic cathedral, built in 1899, is 52.4m tall to the higher of the two spires.
The First Lutheran Church stands on the east side of St. Mary's Cathedral across Broadway. Although the Lutheran Church is the largest with about 30% of the state population because North Dakota itself has a large Norwegian population, the Lutheran Church slightly surpasses the state average in the Fargo metropolitan area and accounts for about one third of the population. In particular, Moorhead has a population of about 40%, twice the Minnesota average.
Shops and restaurants serving Halal food are scattered in the western part of the city, where many Muslims live, such as Somalis, and near the interchange of I-29 and Main Avenue. The headquarters and mosques of the Fargo Moorhead Religious Association are also located on the south corner of 28th Street and Fitner Drive, most of the Muslim-majority area.
The population of each county which forms the urban area and the metropolitan area of Fargo is as follows (National Census of 2010).
- Fargo metropolitan area
|Kas County||North Dakota||149,778|
- Fargo Warpeton metropolitan area
|Metropolitan/Small Metropolitan Area||county||State||population|
|Fargo metropolitan area||208,777|
|Wapeton metro||Richland County||North Dakota||16,321|
urban population transition
Below is a graph and table showing the population transition from 1880 to 2010 in Fargo City.
Fargo has established a sister-city relationship with the following three cities.
- Vinmerview (Sweden)
- Hamar (Norway)
- Martin (Slovakia)
- Fargo (movie) - Fargo (TV drama)
- Fargo-class cruiser - Fargo (light cruiser)
- ^ a b Oregon, John. Sandbag Season Has Fargo Thinking of a Better Way. The New York Times. April 2, 2013. Read on September 16, 2019.
- ^ a b c d American FactFinder. U.S. Census Bureau. February 4, 2011.
- ^ William Fargo. NNDB, September 19, 2019.
- ^ Bentz, Alyssa. History: The men who founded Wells Fargo. Wells Fargo. March 16, 2018. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ Riley, Glenda. Divorce: An American Tradition. Oxford University Press. 1991 ISBN 978-0195061239.
- ^ History and Traditions. North Dakota State University. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ Fire of 1893. Fargo, North Dakota: Its History and Images. North Dakota State University. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ a b Hargrison, Andrea. Pence building in Fargo has had many tenants. INFORUM. Fargo, North Dakota: Forum Communications Company. September 12, 2010. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ Clymer, Floyd. Treasury of Early American Automobiles, 1877-1925. p.205. New York: Bonanza Books. 1950
- ^ a b Pence Auto Building, North Dakota. National Park Service. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ a b c NORTH DAKOTA - Cass County. National Register of Historic Places. Read on September 19, 2019.
- ^ Jackson, William. Almanac of North Dakota mysteries & oddities, 2009-2010. p.14. Valley Star Books. 2008 ISBN 9780967734989. OCLC 259419005.
- ^ Morgan Quitno Press' 5th Annual Safest City Award (1999). Morgan Quitno. December 30, 1998.
- ^ OMB BULLETIN NO. 18-04: Revised Delineations of Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Micropolitan Statistical Areas, and Combined Statistical Areas, and Guidance on Uses of the Delineations of These Areas. Office of Management and Budget. September 14, 2018.
- ^ McCollor, Don. The Red River Valley: Tilted Shorelines and Rebounding Lake Beds. University of North Dakota. December 8, 2006.
- ^ Fargo lifts the ban on building permits in flood prone areas. Fargo, North Dakota: WDAY. November 8, 2012. Read on September 28, 2019.
- ^ Peel, M. C., B. L. Finlayson, and T. A. McMahon. Updated world map of the Köppen-Geiger climate classification. pp.1633-1644. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci.. Vol.11. 2007 Read on September 28, 2019. doi: 10.5194/hess-11-1633-2007. ISSN 1027-5606.
- ^ Plant Hardiness Zone Map. United States Department of Agriculture. Read on September 28, 2019.
- ^ a b Historical weather for Fargo, North Dakota, United States of America. Weatherbase.com. Read on September 28, 2019.
- ^ Downtown Fargo. Fargo-Moorhead Convention and Visitors Bureau. Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ Radisson Hotel Fargo. Emporis. Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ Tallest buildings in North Dakota. Emporis. Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ Lashkowitz High Rise. Emporis. Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ Allmendinger, Mike. Is This The Future Of Downtown Fargo? Fargo Monthly. 2017 Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ Tran, Tu-Uyen. With height comes challenges for Fargo's Block 9 project. September 18, 2018. Read on October 1, 2019.
- ^ City Commission. City of Fargo. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ Fargo to become first city in U.S. to use approval voting. KFGO. November 7, 2018. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ a b City Commission Agents & Minutes (Note: See the links for each year here). City of Fargo. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ New Fargo City Hall Project. City of Fargo. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ City Admnistrator. City of Fargo. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ Cass County, North Dakota: General Election: November 6, 2012. Cass County, North Dakota. November 13, 2012.
- ^ Official 2018 General Election Results: United States Senator. ND Voices. North Dakota Election Officials County Auditors and Secretary of State. November 6, 2018. Viewed on October 2, 2019.
- ^ a b c Kaul, Greta. What's behind Fargo-Moorhead's boom? MinnPost. July 9, 2019. Read on October 19, 2019.
- ^ Forum News Service. Fargo, Moorhead economy boom driven by service growth. The Dickinson Press. October 24, 2014. Read on October 19, 2019.
- ^ Economy in Fargo, North Dakota. BestPlaces. Read on October 19, 2019.
- ^ Badenhausen, Kurt. Fargo Heads List Of Best Small Cities For Business And Careers. Forbes. August 7, 2014. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Hector Int'l. (Form 5010) Airport Master Record. Federal Aviation Administration. September 12, 2019. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Home. Hector International Airport. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ 119th Wing Fact Sheet. 119th Wing, Air National Guard. March 28, 2017. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Hageman, John. FedEx to pay more than $2.7 million to Grand Forks airport for move to Fargo. Dickinson Press. November 17, 2016. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Fargo Air Museum. Fargo-Moorhead Convention and Visitors Bureau. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ Empire Builder. p.1. Amtrak. April 29, 2018. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Routes. MATBUS. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ Jefferson Lines. MATBUS. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ North Dakota. Jefferson Lines. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ All-State System Map. Jefferson Lines. Viewed on October 3, 2019.
- ^ NDSU Fast Facts. North Dakota State University. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Academics. North Dakota State University. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Academic Majors. North Dakota State University. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Why North Dakotans Win With Research Universities. North Dakota State University. July 2011. Viewed on October 5, 2019.
- ^ Best Colleges 2020: National Universities Rankings. U.S. News & World Report. 2019 Viewed on October 4, 2019.
It ranked 281st in the 2020 edition (published in 2019).
- ^ Fargo, ND Location. University of Mary. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Doctor of Physical Therapy. Jamestown University. October 4, 2019.
- ^ About TCU. Tri-College Uiversity. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ About Our District. Fargo Public Schools. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Catholic Schools in the Diocese of Fargo. Diocese of Fargo. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Our History & Identity. St. John Paul II Catholic School Network. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ About the Fargo Public Library. City of Fargo. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Fargo Public Library. Fargo, North Dakota: Its History and Images. North Dakota State University. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ Tran, Tu-Uyen Fargo Library breaks record. INFORUM. Fargo, North Dakota: Forum Communications Company. January 14, 2015. Viewed on October 4, 2019.
- ^ a b Historic Fargo Theater. Fargo-Moorhead Convention and Visitors Bureau. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ About. Fargo Moorhead Community Theatre. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ About Us. Fargo-Moorhead Opera. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ Mission and Vision. Fargo-Moorhead Symphony Orchestra. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ About the FMBallet. Fargo-Moorhead Ballet. Read on October 7, 2019.
- ^ About. Plains Art Museum. Read on October 8, 2019.
- ^ Collections. Plains Art Museum. Read on October 8, 2019.
- ^ Center for Creativity. Plains Art Museum. Read on October 8, 2019.
- ^ Gardens & Public Art. Plains Art Museum. Read on October 8, 2019.
- ^ Home. The Summit League. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ Home. Missouri Valley Football Conference. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ North Dakota State Bison Home. North Dakota State University. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ NDSU National Championships. North Dakota State University. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ Chiusano, Anthony. Schools with the most FCS football national championships. NCAA. October 7, 2019. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ Becht, Colin. North Dakota State beats Iowa for sixth straight FBS win. Sports Illustrated. September 17, 2016. Read on October 9, 2019.
- ^ a b Fargo-Moorhead Redhaws. American Association Baseball. Viewed on October 10, 2019.
- ^ a b Peterson, Eric. Maury Wills honored by RedHawks as his museum will close after this season. INFORUM June 23, 2017. Viewed on October 10, 2019.
- ^ Newman Outdoor Field. Fargo-Moorhead Convention and Visitors Bureau. Viewed on October 10, 2019.
- ^ Roger Maris Museum. West Acres. Viewed on October 10, 2019.
- ^ Parks & Recreational Opportunities in Fargo. City of Frago. Read on October 11, 2019.
- ^ Share the Road Fargo!, FM Metro Area Bikeways Map 2017. City of Fargo. Read on October 11, 2019.
- ^ Home. Fargo Golf. Fargo Park District. Read on October 11, 2019.
- ^ History. Red River Zoo. Read on October 11, 2019.
- ^ The Fargo forum, daily republican, and Moorhead daily news. Library of Congress. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ The Forum of Fargo-Moorhead. Forum Communications Company. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ Winners: Staff of Fargo (ND) Forum. Pulitzer Prizes, Columbia University. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ About. High Plains Reader. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ About. The Spectrum. North Dakota State University. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ WDAY-TV. Forum Communications Company. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ WDAY AM 970. Forum Communications Company. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ About Prairie Public. Prairie Public Broadcasting. Read on October 15, 2019.
- ^ Diocese of Fargo. Catholic-Hierarchy. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ About the Diocese. Diocese of Fargo. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Cathedral of St. Mary. Emporis. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Religion in Fargo, North Dakota. BestPlaces. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Religion in Moorhead, Minnesota. BestPlaces. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Home. Islamic Society of Fargo-Moorhead. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Kreps, Sydni. Islamic Society builds community in mosque and Fargo-Moorhead. The Concordian. Moorhead, Minnesota: Concordia College. April 21, 2016. Read on October 16, 2019.
- ^ Gibson, Campbell. Population of the 100 Largest Cities and Other Urban Places in the United States: 1790 to 1990. US Census Bureau. 2005
- ^ Fargo: Zoznam partnerských miest: Mesto Martin. Mesta Martin. Read on September 16, 2019.
- City of Fargo - Official City Site
- Fargo-Moorhead Convention and Visitors Bureau
- Downtown Fargo-Moorhead
- North Dakota State University
- Fargo Park District
- INFORUM: Powered byThe Forum and WDAY - Local Newspaper Site
- Fargo - Curlie
- Fargo, North Dakota - city-data.com
Coordinates: North latitude 46 degrees 52 minutes 38 seconds West longitude 96 degrees 47 minutes 22 seconds North latitude 46.877222 degrees North longitude 96.78944 degrees West / 46.877222 degrees West longitude -96.789444